NANA

( Nanay, Nane )

 

Mimbreno ( Apache ) Chief

1810- 1895

 

Nana's military pursuits encompassed the period from the 1860s to the 1880s.

He fought throughout the Apache Wars from the 1860s to 1880s with most of the famous Apache leaders, including Mangas Coloradas, Victorio, and Geronimo.

In 1880, when Victorio died in Mexico, Nana became chief of the more militant Apaches, while the moderates supported the leadership of Loco.

In summer 1881, an aging Nana with about fifteen Mimbrenos and two dozen Mescaleros began raids on settlers and attacked an army wagon train.

Traversing more than twelve hundred miles, Nana's band engaged in eight battles that summer, slaying seventy-five to one hundred whites and seizing several hundred head of livestock.

As a result of these depredations, the Ninth Cavalry under Colonel Edward Hatch and several citizen's posses were dispatched to subdue Nana and his followers.

Fleeing back accross the Rio Grande into the Sierra Madre of Mexico, he combined his forces with Geronimo, Loco, Juh, Naiche, and Chato.

All had recently left the San Carlos Apache Reservation in Arizona.

In 1882, Nana was captured and forced to settle on the San Carlos Reservation, but in 1885 he fled San Carlos for the Sierra Madre once again with Geronimo, Naiche, and several other chiefs.

After eluding capture for about a year, he surrendered for the last time in March 1886.

Initially, Nana and many other militant Apache war chiefs were shipped to Florida.

Eventually, he ended up at Fort Sill in Indian Territory, where he was given some land.

It was at Fort Sill, while in his eighties and still resisting white control, that Nana died around 1895.

He is buried in the Apache cemetery outside of Fort Sill.