The Kwakiutl were one of the major tribes of the Northwest Coast and once encompassed other nearby tribes such as the Bella Bella, Kitimat, Makah and Nootka, with whom they are linguistically related.
A group of closely related Native North Americans who inhabit N. Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland of British Columbia, Canada.
They together with the Nootka, their southern neighbors, make up the Wakashan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock.
Kwakiutl culture was typical of the Northwest Coast area (including the custom of potlatch).
Their villages were typical of the Northwest Coast, with large cedar plank houses and intricately carved totem poles, representing the animals with whom a particular family might be religiously associated.
The ethnographer, Franz Boas, produced a significant number of ethnographic studies on the Kwakiutl.
See Franz Boas, Kwakiutl Ethnography, ed. by H. F. Codere (1966); R. P. Rohner and E. C. Rohner, The Kwakiutl (1970).