Brulé (Sioux) Chief


High Hawk led a Brulé Sioux band that advocated the Ghost Dance in the late 1880s.

He was an ally of several other Sioux chiefs, including Little Wound and Two Strike.

High Hawk's band avoided the slaughter at Wounded Knee Creek in late December 1890.

After the massacre, High Hawk was a member of a Sioux delegation to Washington, D.C.

Officials at the Interior Department and Bureau of Indian Affairs told the delegates that they wanted to solve problems (including nonfulfillment of treaty obligations) that had caused unrest, but little actually improved.

High Hawk was especially concerned with the alienation of Sioux land.

According to historian Dee Brown, at one point shortly before the Wounded Knee massacre, he told General George Crook: "The Land you (the United States) has now surveyed for us is but a small piece (of former holdings). I expect my children to have children and grandchildren, and get all over the country, and now you want me to cut off my 'tool' and not make any more children."