Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock.
The name Abnaki was given to them by the French, but properly it should be Wabanaki, a word that refers to morning and the east and may be interpreted as those living at the sunrise.
The Abnaki lived mostly in what is now Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
Abnaki legend has it that they came from the Southwest, but the exact time is unsure.
After a series of bloody conflicts with British colonists, the Abnaki and related tribes (the Malecite, the Passamaquoddy, the Pennacook, the Penobscot, and others) withdrew into Canada, where they received protection from the French.
The Abnaki were in settled villages, often surrounded by palisades, and lived by growing corn, fishing, and hunting.
Their own name for their conical huts covered with bark or mats, wigwam, came to be generally used in English.