TENSKWATAWA

( The Prophet )

 

 

Shawnee Chief

 

Among the best-known and most feared Indians of the nineteenth century, the Prophet and his brother, Techumseh, were Shawnee leaders of a fervent movement to instill Indian unity in the Ohio Valley from 1805 through the War of 1812.

Angered by the Jefferson administrations's attempts to gain Indian lands through piecemeal cessions, the Prophet preached resistance.

He also rejected Jeffersonian suggestions about Indian assimilation, and urged instead that Indians retain their own culture.

By 1811 his resistance movement had led to sporadic warfare in the Old Northwest.

But in November of that year, William Henry Harrison routed the Prophet and his allies near Tippecanoe in the Indiana Territory.

The destruction of this Indian confederacy effectively opened the Ohio River Valley to white settlement.